Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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2 Thessalonians 1

Supplemental Commentary:


Introduction  1, 1-12

1, 1-2:  Greeting.  See 1 Thess. 1, 1.

1, 3-10:  Their Faith and Constancy.  Thanksgiving for their progress in faith and virtue, and for their constancy under persecution.  Paul regards the marvelous operations of grace in the Thessalonians as gifts for which God is to be thanked.    4.  In praising God he likewise praises them.    5.  Proof: i.e., token or indication.  Their persecutions and sufferings show that God will have to punish and reward in another life.  Cf. 6 f.    7.  At the revelation of the Lord Jesus: i.e. at the parousia, or Second Coming of Christ.  Cf. Matt. 24, 30-31; John 1, 51.    8.  In flaming fire: this is descriptive of the appearance of Christ.  Those who do not know God: i.e., the pagans.  Those who do not obey the gospel: perhaps his reference is principally to the Jews, though the words are applicable to all who deliberately reject the teachings of the faith.    9.  Eternal ruin: a proof of the eternity of the sufferings of the damned.  Away from the face of the Lord: in their punishment the damned are forever separated from the sight of God.  Cf. Matt. 7, 23; 25, 41.  From the glory of his power: the damned will not share in the glory of the just, which is communicated to them through the power of Christ.

10.  To be glorified in his saints: the glory imparted to the elect redounds to Christ Himself who obtained it for them.  To be marvelled at in all those who have believed: an instance of Hebrew parallelism in which the same thought is express in slightly different form.  The blessings to be enjoyed by those who have believed are due to Christ.  Men will praise and admire Christ for what He has done.  The Christians of Thessalonica are entitled to heavenly glory for they are numbered among the believers.  They became such by accepting Paul's testimony, i.e., his preaching.

1, 11-12:  Prayer for Their Glorification.  Paul prays that the Thessalonians may obtain the glory of heaven.    11.  Grace and glory complete God's call to the faith.  "And those whom he has called, them he has also justified, and those whom he has justified, them he has also glorified" (Rom. 8, 30).    12.  All sanctification and glorification are achieved through the grace of Christ.

Confraternity Bible

Greeting  1 Paul and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: 2 grace be to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Their Faith and Constancy  3 We are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren.  It is fitting that we should, because your faith grows exceedingly and your charity each one for the other increases.  4 And because of this we ourselves boast of you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and the tribulations that you are enduring.  5* In this there is a proof of the just judgment of God counting you worthy of the kingdom of  God, for which also you suffer.  6 Indeed it is just on the part of God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7 and to give you who are afflicted rest with us at the revelation of the Lord Jesus, who will come from heaven with the angels of his power, 8* in flaming fire, to inflict punishment on those who do not know God, and who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.  9 These will be punished with eternal ruin, away from the face of the Lord and the glory of his power, 10 when on that day he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be marvelled at in all those who have believed.  For our testimony before you has been believed.

Prayer for Their Glorification  11 To this end also we pray always for you, that our God may make you worthy of his calling, and may fulfill with power every good purpose and work of faith, 12 that the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.


5: Proof: Their persecutions and sufferings show that God will have to punish and reward in another life.

8: In flaming fire: this is a figurative description of the appearance of Christ as judge.  All who reject the gospel, whether Jews or pagans, shall be punished.