Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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1 TIMOTHY - Chapter 2

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1 Timothy 2

Supplemental Commentary:

II.  PASTORAL CHARGE  2, 1 -- 3, 13

2, 1-7:  Directions on Prayer.  V.1 resumes the thought of 1, 3, from which Paul digressed in 5.  The Apostle described the duties incumbent on Timothy by reason of his commission.    2.  Prayers are to be offered for princes and those in authority.  A certain amount of anxiety underlies this recommendation; the general situation of Christians, and particularly their relation with civil authority, no longer appears to be that of the time when St. Paul wrote the optimistic passage found in Rom. 13, 1-7.    6.  This witness is the gospel itself, whose content is described in 5 in an entirely Pauline fashion.  Note the Apostle's insistence that Jesus is a man, hence His mediation extends to all men.  From these recommendations one feels that there existed in the church at Ephesus certain exclusivist tendencies, which would restrict the Christian idea of salvation and practically reserve its benefits to a privileged caste.

2, 8-15:  Women in Public Assemblies.  St. Paul speaks to the leaders of the Ephesian community.    8.  We are here reminded of the graffiti and frescoes of the catacombs, in which are pictured the orants or prayers, standing erect, arms raised, with palms turned upwards.    15.  Motherhood is sanctifying, though not the only means by which women may be sanctified and saved.


Confraternity Bible:

Directions on Prayer  1 I urge therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, intercessions and thanksgivings be made for all men; 2 for kings, and for all in high positions, that we may lead a quiet and peaceful life in all piety and worthy behavior.  3 This is good and agreeable in the sight of God our Savior, 4* who wishes all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.  5* For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, himself man, Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself a ransom for all, bearing witness in his own time.  7 To this I have been appointed a preacher and an apostles (I tell the truth, I do not lie), a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.

Women in Public Assemblies  8 I wish, then, that the men pray everywhere, lifting up pure hands, without wrath and contention.  9 In like manner I wish women to be decently dressed, adorning themselves with modesty and dignity, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or expensive clothing, 10 but with good works such as become women professing godliness.  11 Let a woman learn in silence with all submission.  12 For I do not allow a woman to teach, or to exercise authority over men; but she is to keep quiet.  13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.  14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and was in sin.  15 Yet women will be saved by childbearing, if they continue in faith and love and holiness with modesty.
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4: God by His antecedent will wishes all men to be saved, and no one is lost save by his own fault.

5: This insistence on the universal mediatorship of Christ as man is against the separatist tendencies.