Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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TITUS - Chapter 2

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Titus 2

Supplemental Commentary:

II.  CHARGE TO TEACH THE CHRISTIAN LIFE  2, 1 -- 3, 11

2, 1-10:  Different Classes.  Morality had suffered much because of these disorders.  Titus is commanded to make Christian morality and true piety prevail.  Certain special moral lessons are to be inculcated.    2.  Here there is a question of elderly men not priests.    4.  The false teachers are accused in 1, 11 of disturbing families.  As at Ephesus, they urged women, even married, to the perfect life as they conceived it in pseudo-asceticism.  The husband, the children, the care of the home were unimportant.    8.  Those of the opposite camp may be pagans or Satan.  It is not a question of false teachers who are rather responsible for these disorders (1 Tim. 5, 14; 3, 6 f).

2, 11 -- 3, 7:  Changed Life.  The kind of life described briefly by St. Paul in the foregoing verses, and of which he now sums up the principal traits, is what he calls elsewhere "piety."  This and not the pseudo-asceticism of the false teachers represents the true Christian life, that the grace of God, manifesting itself in Jesus Christ, proposed to establish.

14.  This indifference to good works doubtless gained support for the movement combated by St. Paul.  Yet it was attached to ascetical and mystical theories.    15.  The Apostle fears that Titus himself does not show the desired vigor and does not assert his authority with sufficient emphasis.  The impression is gathered that the Cretans, left to themselves a long time, have assumed the habit of independence and are little disposed to be guided even by a delegate of an Apostle.  Christianity must have been introduced early into Crete, perhaps without the intervention of any notable person.  There were Cretan Jews or Proselytes in the audience of St. Peter on Pentecost day (Acts 2, 11). [Commentary on this section is continued at the head of the next chapter.]


Confraternity Bible:

Different Classes  1 But do thou speak what befits the sound doctrine: 2 that elderly men be reserved, honorable, prudent, sound in faith, in love, in patience; 3 that elderly women, in like manner, be marked by holiness of behavior, not slanderers, nor enslaved to much wine; teaching what is right, 4 that they may train the younger woman to be wise, to love their husbands and their children, 5 to be discreet, chaste, domestic, gentle, obedient to their husbands, so that the word of God be not reviled.  6 Exhort the younger men, in like manner, to be self-controlled.  7 Show thyself in all things an example of good works, in teaching, in integrity and dignity; 8 let thy speech be sound and blameless, so that anyone opposing may be put to shame, having nothing bad to say of us.  9 Exhort slaves to obey their masters, pleasing them in all things and not opposing them; 10 not pilfering, but showing faithfulness in all things, so as to adorn in all things the teaching of God our Savior.

Changed Life  11 For the grace of God our Savior has appeared to all men, 12 instructing us, in order that, rejecting ungodliness and worldly lusts, we may live temperately and justly and piously in this world; 13 looking for the blessed hope and glorious coming of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, 14 who gave himself for us that he might redeem us from all iniquity and cleanse for himself an acceptable people, pursuing good works.  15 Thus speak, and exhort, and rebuke, with all authority.  Let no one despise thee.