Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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HEBREWS - Chapter 3

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Hebrews 3

Supplemental Commentary:

I.  SUPERIORITY OF THE NEW DISPENSATION OVER THE OLD  1, 1 -- 10, 18 (continued)

1.  A Superior Mediator  1, 1 -- 4, 13 (continued)

3, 1-7:  Christ Superior to Moses.  The author new proceeds to prove that Christ is superior to Moses.  The Jews believed that through Moses they had received God's final and complete revelation.  It was necessary to prove to them that Christ had greater authority than Moses.

1.  Christ is both Apostle and High Priest, for as Apostle He was sent to establish our religion, and as High Priest He offered its one sacrifice.    2.  Who is faithful to Him who made him: i.e., loyal to God who invested him with his office.  In all his house: Num. 12, 7.  God's house is the organized society in which God dwells, the whole family of God.  It includes both the Jewish and Christian dispositions.    3 f.  The argument here is that Moses is a part of the "House of God," but that Christ was the creator and builder of that House.  In 1, Christ was represented as the creator of all things; here He is represented as the architect and builder of the House or Religious Family of God.  The new dispensation is a continuation of the old, and both were planned and established by Christ Himself, hence Christ must be superior to Moses.    5.  Moses was but a servant in that House; Christ is the Son over the House.    6.  Perseverance in confidence and hope is necessary, if we are to be considered as belonging to that House of God.

3, 8-18:  Exhortation.  Another warning, which continues to 4, 13.  The Promised Land of Palestine was a type of the joy and rest of the heavenly home to which Christians have been called.  Just as the Israelites in the desert, because of their unbelief, were excluded from their destined repose in the Promised Land, Christians through lack of faith may never reach the joy and repose of heaven.  Ps. 94, 8-11 is quoted, commented upon, and applied to the readers, who were in some danger of losing their faith.    16.  The Greek here may be translated as two questions: "Who were they, who having heard did provoke?  Were they not all those who were led out of Egypt by Moses?"


Confraternity Bible:

Christ Superior to Moses  1 Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus, 2 who is faithful to him who made him, as was Moses also "in all his house."  3 For he was deemed worthy of greater glory than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house that he has built.  4 For every house is built by someone; but he who created all things is God.  5 And Moses indeed was faithful "in all his house" as a servant, to testify concerning those things that were to be spoken; 6 but Christ is faithful as the Son over his own house.  We are that house, if we hold fast our confession and the hope in which we glory unto the end.

Exhortation  7* Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says,
"Today if you shall hear his voice, 8* do not harden your hearts as in the provocation, during the day of temptation in the desert, 9* where your fathers tried me, proved and saw my works 10* forty years.  

Wherefore I was offended with this generation, and said, 'They always err in heart, and they have not known my ways.'

11* As I have sworn in my wrath,

They shall not enter into my Rest." 
12 Take heed, brethren, lest perhaps there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart that would turn away from the living God.  13 But exhort one another every day, while it is still Today, that none of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.  14 For we have been made partakers of Christ, provided only that we hold fast our first confidence in him unto the end.  15 While it is said, "Today, if you shall hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in that provocation"--- 16 for some who heard gave provocation, but not all those who came out of Egypt under Moses--- 17 with whom then was he offended forty years?  Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the desert?  18 And to whom did he swear that they should not enter into his Rest, but to those who were unbelieving?  [19] And we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
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*

7-11: Ps. 94, 8-11.