SUPERIORITY OF THE
NEW DISPENSATION OVER THE OLD 1, 1 -- 10, 18
3. A Superior Covenant
8, 1-5: Christ in the
Heavenly Sanctuary. The Jewish priests exercised their functions in an earthly sanctuary (tabernacle), which
was but a copy and shadow of the true sanctuary of heaven, where Christ, the ideal High Priest, exercises His functions seated
at the right hand of God.
8, 6-13: Mediator of a
Superior Covenant. Christ is the mediator of a new and better covenant based on better promises. This
is proved by a quotation from Jer. 31, 31-34, where God revealed to Jeremias that the Old Covenant was unsatisfactory,
and would be superseded by a new and a better one. The New Covenant would effect the forgiveness of sins, which the
Old Covenant was unable to do. The knowledge of God will ultimately be a common possession of all.
Christ in the
Heavenly Sanctuary 1 Now the main point in what we are saying is this. We have such a high priest,
who has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of Majesty in the heavens, 2 a minister of the Holies, and of the true
tabernacle, which the Lord has erected and not man. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices;
therefore it is necessary that this one also should have something to offer. 4 If then he were on earth, he would not
even be a priest, since there are already others to offer gifts according to the Law. 5 The worship they offer is a
mere copy and shadow of things heavenly, even as Moses was warned when he was completing the tabernacle: "See," God said,
"that thou make all things according to the pattern that was shown thee on the mount."
Mediator of a Superior Covenant
6 But now he has obtained a superior ministry, in proportion as he is mediator of a superior covenant, enacted on the basis
of superior promises. 7 For had the first been faultless, place would not of course be sought for a second. 8*
For finding fault with them he says,
"Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and
with the house of Juda,
9* Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to
lead them forth out of the land of Egypt;
For they did not abide by my covenant, and I did not regard them, says the Lord.
10* For this is the covenant that
I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord:
I will put my laws into their minds, and upon their hearts
I will write them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
11* And they shall not teach, each his neighbor, and
each his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord'; for all shall know me, from least to greatest among them.
12* Because I will be merciful
to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more."
13 Now in saying, "a new covenant," he has made obsolete the former one; and that which is obsolete and has grown
old is near its end.
8-12: Jer. 31, 31-34.