Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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HEBREWS - Chapter 13

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Hebrews 13

Supplemental Commentary:

II.  EXHORTATIONS  10, 19 -- 13, 17 (continued)

2.  Other Virtues  12, 1 -- 13, 17 (continued)

13, 1-4:  Brotherly Love and Purity.    2.  Entertained angels: as did Abraham and Sara (Gen. 18); Lot (Gen. 19); Manue (Judg. 13); Tobias (Tob. 12, 15).    4.  Let marriage be held in honor with all: let all honor marriage.  It does not mean that all should marry.  See 1 Cor. 7.

13, 5-6:  God Will Never Fail You.    5.  Deut. 31, 6; Jos. 1, 5.    6.  Ps. 117, 6; Matt. 6, 31.34.

13, 7-17:  Loyalty to Christ and Superiors.    8.  Jesus remains ever the same.    9.  His doctrine is unchangeable.  The Jewish distinctions of foods, which did not profit even the Jews who practised them, have been abrogated.  It is the grace of God which counts.    10.  Altar in this verse has been interpreted variously of the altar of Calvary, the Eucharistic altar, or the altar of the heavenly sanctuary.  All three are but different aspects of the one supreme sacrifice of Christ.  From which they have no right to eat who serve the tabernacle, indicates that Christians "eat" of their altar, and the reference seems to be to the Holy Eucharist.  See also 1 Cor. 10, 20 f; 11, 23-28.    12.  Outside the gate: Calvary was outside Jerusalem.    13.  Outside the camp: namely, of Judaism.  Bearing his reproach: the shame of His cross.    15.  Through him: namely, Christ, through whom we have obtained access to God.  Sacrifice of praise: see Lev. 7, 12.  Under the Old Law, it was a thank-offering for a favor graciously bestowed by God.  Jewish teachers had a saying that one day all offerings but the thank-offering would cease.  Fruit of lips: in Isa. 57, 19 the fruit of lips is called peace.  The sacrifice of praise was the highest form of peace offering.  In Ps. 49, 14, the sacrifice of praise is placed above all animal offerings.

Conclusion  13, 18-25.

23.  Set free: either from prison, or from some task.    24.  The brethren from Italy: Christians living in Italy.  Those who hold that the Epistle was not written in Italy interpret the brethren as the Italian companions of the author, who were sending their greetings.

Edward A. Cerny, S.S.


Confraternity Bible:

Brotherly Love and Purity  1 Let brotherly love abide in you, 2 and do not forget to entertain strangers; for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.  3 Remember those who are in bonds as if you were bound with them, and those who are illtreated, as tarrying yourselves also in the body.  4 Let marriage be held in honor with all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled.  For God will judge the immoral and adulterers.

God Will Never Fail You  5 Let your manner of life be without avarice; be content with what you have, for he himself has said, "I will not leave thee, neither will I forsake thee."  6* So that we may confidently say,
"The Lord is my helper:

I will not fear what man shall do to me."
Loyalty to Christ and Superiors  7 Remember your superiors, who spoke to you the word of God.  Consider how they ended their lives, and imitate their faith.  8 Jesus Christ is the same, yesterday and today, yes, and forever.

9 Do not be led away by various and strange doctrines.  For it is good to make steadfast the heart by grace, not by foods, in which those who walked found no profit.  10 We have an altar, from which they have no right to eat who serve the tabernacle.  11 For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the Holies by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp; 12 and so Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people by his blood, suffered outside the gate.  13 Let us therefore go forth to him outside the camp, bearing his reproach; 14 for here we have no permanent city, but we seek for the city that is to come.  15 Through him, therefore, let us offer up a sacrifice of praise always to God, that is, fruit of lips praising his name.  16 And do not forget kindness and charity, for by such sacrifices God's favor is obtained.  17 Obey your superiors and be subject to them, for they keep watch as having to render an account of your souls; so that they may do this with joy, and not with grief, for that would not be expedient for you.

Request for Prayer  18 Pray for us.  For we are confident that we have a good conscience, desiring to live uprightly in all things.  19 But I more especially exhort you to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.

Blessing  20 Now may the God of peace, who brought forth from the dead the great pastor of the sheep, our Lord Jesus, in virtue of the blood of an everlasting covenant, 21 fit you with every good thing to do his will; working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom is glory forever and ever.  Amen.

Greetings  22 And I beseech you, brethren, to bear with this word of exhortation; for I have written to you in few words.  23 Know that our brother Timothy has been set free; with whom (if he comes soon) I will see you.  24 Greet all your superiors and all the saints.  The brethren from Italy send you greetings.  25 Grace be with you all.  Amen.
__________

*

6: Ps. 117, 6.