Confraternity Bible: New Testament and Supplemental Commentary

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LUKE - Chapter 20

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Luke 20

Supplemental Commentary:

Note.  Only those parts of the Third Gospel that are peculiar to it are commented on here.  For all other parts the reader should consult the Commentaries on the parallel passages in the other Gospels.

I.  THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF JESUS  3-21 (continued)

6.  Last Ministry at Jerusalem  18, 35 -- 21, 38 (continued)

20, 1-8:  The Authority of Jesus.  Parallels in Matt. 21, 23-27 and Mark 11, 27-33.

20, 9-19:  Parable of the Vine-dressers.  Parallels in Matt. 21, 33-46 and Mark 12, 1-12.

20, 20-26:  Tribute to Caesar.  Parallels in Matt. 22, 15-22 and Mark 12, 13-17.

20, 27-40:  The Sadducees and the Resurrection.  Parallels in Matt. 22, 23-33 and Mark 12, 18-27.    40.  Cf. Matt. 22, 46; Mark 12, 34.

20, 41-44:  The Son of David.  Parallels in Matt. 22, 41-45 and Mark 12, 35-37.

20, 45-47:  Hypocrisy of the Scribes and Pharisees.  Parallels in Matt. 23, 1.5-7.14 and Mark 12, 38-40; cf. also 11, 43.

Confraternity Bible:

The Authority of Jesus  1 And it came to pass on one of the days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, that the chief priests and Scribes together with the elders came up 2 and spoke to him, saying, "Tell us, by what authority dost thou do these things?  Or who is it that gave thee this authority?"  3 But he answered and said to them, "I also will ask you one question.  Answer me: 4 was the baptism of John from heaven, or from men?"  5 But they began to argue among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?'  6 But if we say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us; for they are convinced that John was a prophet."  7 And they answered that they did not know whence it was.  8 Then Jesus said to them, "Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things."

Parable of the Vine-dressers  9 But he began to speak to the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard, and let it out to vine-dressers, and went abroad for a long time.  10 And at the proper time he sent a servant to the vine-dressers, that they might give him part of the fruit of the vineyard; but they beat him and sent him away empty-handed.  11 And he sent yet a second servant; but him also they beat, and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed.  12 And he sent yet a third; but him also they wounded and cast out.  13 But the owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do?  I will send my beloved son; perhaps when they see him, they will respect him.'

14 "But the vine-dressers, on seeing him, argued with one another, saying, 'This is the heir; let us kill him, that the inheritance may become ours.'  15 So they cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.  What therefore will the owner of the vineyard do to them?  16 He will come and destroy those vine-dressers, and will give the vineyard to others."

Upon hearing this, they said to him, "By no means."  17* But he looked on them and said, "What then is this that is written,
'The stone which the builders rejected, has become the corner stone'? 
18 Everyone who falls upon that stone will be broken to pieces; but upon whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder."

19 And the chief priests and the Scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people; for they knew that he had aimed this parable at them.

Tribute to Caesar  20 So watching their opportunity, they sent forth spies, who should pretend to be just men, that they might trap him in his talk and deliver him up to the ruling power and to the authority of the procurator.  21 And they asked him, saying, "Master, we know that thou speakest and teachest rightly, and showest no favor to any, but teachest the way of God in truth.  22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?"  23 But knowing their craftiness, he said to them, "Why do you test me?  24 Show me a denarius.  Whose image and inscription does it bear?"  Answering they said, "Caesar's."  25 And he said to them, "Render, therefore, to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."  26 And they could not take hold of what he said before the people; and marvelling at his answer, they kept silence.

The Sadducees and the Resurrection  27 Now there came to him certain of the Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection, and they questioned him, 28 saying, "Master, Moses has written for us: 'If a man's brother die, having a wife, and he be childless, his brother shall take the widow and raise up issue to his brother.'  29 Now there were seven brothers.  And the first took a wife and died childless.  30 And the next took her and he also died childless.  31 Then the third took her; and in like manner all seven, and they died without leaving children.  32 Last of all the woman also died.  33 At the resurrection, therefore, of which of them will she be wife?  For the seven had her as wife."

34 And Jesus said to them, "The children of this world marry and are given in marriage.  35 But those who shall be accounted worthy of that world and of the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor take wives.  36 For neither shall they be able to die any more, for they are equal to the angels, and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.  37 But that the dead rise, even Moses showed in the passage about the Bush, when he calls the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.  38 Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to him."

39 And certain of the Scribes answered and said, "Master, thou hast said well."  40 And they did not dare to question him any further.

The Son of David  41 But he said to them, "How do they say that the Christ is the Son of David?  42* For David himself says in the Book of Psalms,
'The Lord said to my Lord:

Sit at my right hand, 43* till I make thy enemies thy footstool.' 
44 David therefore calls him, 'Lord'; how, then is he his son?"

Hypocrisy of the Scribes and Pharisees  45 And in the hearing of all the people he said to his disciples, 46 "Beware of the Scribes, who like to walk about in long robes, and love greetings in the market place, and front seats in the synagogues and first places at suppers; 47 who devour the houses of the widows, making pretense of long prayers.  These shall receive a heavier sentence."


17: Ps. 117, 22; Isa. 28, 16.

42-43: Ps. 109, 1.