Notes & Commentary:
Away. Such a one could not be received again, if she had taken another husband, Deuteronomy xxiv. 3. Some explain this
of the captives. But God restored them to favour. It seems rather to relate to the reprobation (Calmet) of the synagogue,
which will never again become the true Church, (Haydock) though many of Israel will be converted, Romans xi. 25. --- Sold
you, as a father might do, Exodus xxi. 1., and Matthew xviii. 15. St. Ambrose (Tob.[Tobias?] viii.) inveighs against such
cruel parents, as the Christian religion had not then entirely repressed this inhumanity. (Calmet) --- God rejected the synagogue,
not out of hard-heartedness or want, but because of her sins. (Worthington)
Hear. My spouse had gone after other lovers. The people refused to hear the prophets; and the priests were become as
corrupt as the rest, when the city was taken by the Chaldeans and by the Romans. (Calmet) --- Sea. Babylon, chap. xxi.
(Haydock) --- I could work the same miracles, as I did when Israel came out of Egypt.
Weary. Isaias speaks in the name of Christ, whose words carried conviction and comfort along with them, John vi. 69.,
and vii. 46. (Calmet) --- Wakeneth. Literally, "lifteth up." Cynthius aurem---Vellit. (Ec. vi.) --- Hear,
or obey. (Haydock) --- Christ preached more powerfully than Isaias, and continues to do so by his pastors. (St. Jerome) (Worthington)
Spit. The greatest indignity, Job xxx. 10., and Deuteronomy xxv. 9. Yet this was the treatment of our Saviour, Luke
xviii. 31., and Matthew xxvi. 67. (Calmet) --- "The great Grotius, (I wish he were great in explaining the prophets)" applies
this to Jeremias. (Houbigant)
Rock. Christ heard the accusations of his enemies unmoved, as he had not been afraid to blame the conduct of the Pharisees.
Light. The faithful are exhorted to take courage, while the Romans will destroy the rebellious Jews, (ver. 11.; Calmet)
and the wicked shall dwell in hell fire. (Menochius)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
The synagogue shall be divorced for her iniquities. Christ,
for her sake, will endure ignominious afflictions.
1 Thus saith the Lord: What is this bill of the divorce of your mother,
with which I have put her away? or who is my creditor, to whom I sold you: behold, you are sold for your iniquities, and for
your wicked deeds have I put your mother away.
2 Because I came, and there was not a man: I called, and there was none
that would hear. *Is my hand shortened and become little, that I cannot redeem? or is there no strength in me to deliver?
Behold, at my rebuke, I will make the sea a desert, I will turn the rivers into dry land: the fishes shall rot for want of
water, and shall die for thirst.
3 I will clothe the heavens with darkness, and will make sackcloth their
4 The Lord hath given me a learned tongue, that I should know how to
uphold by word him that is weary: he wakeneth in the morning, in the morning he wakeneth my ear, that I may hear him as a
5 The Lord God hath opened my ear, and I do not resist: I have not gone
6 *I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that plucked
them: I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me, and spit upon me.
7 The Lord God is my helper, therefore am I not confounded: therefore
have I set my face as a most hard rock, and I know that I shall not be confounded.
8 *He is near that justifieth me, who will contend with me? let us stand
together, who is my adversary? let him come near to me.
9 Behold, the Lord God is my helper: who is he that shall condemn
me? Lo, they shall all be destroyed as a garment, the moth shall eat them up.
10 Who is there among you that feareth the Lord, that heareth the voice
of his servant, that hath walked in darkness, and hath no light? let him hope in the name of the Lord, and lean upon his God.
11 Behold, all you that kindle a fire, encompassed with flames, walk
in the light of your fire, and in the flames which you have kindled: this is done to you by my hand, you shall sleep in sorrows.
2: Isaias lix. 1.
6: Matthew xxvi. 67.
8: Romans viii. 33.