Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, 1859 edition.

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BIBLE: MATTHEW - Chapter 5


Christ's sermon on the mount. The eight beatitudes, &c.

1 Now *Jesus seeing the multitudes, went up into a mountain, and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him.

2 And opening his mouth he taught them, saying:

3 *Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4 *Blessed are the meek: for they shall possess the land.

5 *Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

6 Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall be filled.

7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

8 *Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God.

9 Blesses are the peace-makers: for they shall be called the children of God.

10 *Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 Blessed are ye when they shall revile you, and persecute you, and speak all that is evil against you untruly, for my sake;

12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for your reward is very great in heaven: for so they persecuted the prophets, that were before you.

13 You are the salt of the earth. *But if the salt lose its savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is good for nothing any more, but to be cast out, and to be trodden on by men.

14 You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a mountain cannot be hid.

15 *Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but upon a candlestick, that it may give light to all that are in the house.

16 Let your light so shine before men, *that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

18 *For amen, I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall not pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

19 *Whosoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 For I say to you, that unless your justice abound *more than that of the Scribes and of the Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

21 You have heard that it was said to them of old: *Thou shalt not kill. And whosoever shall kill, shall be liable to the judgment.

22 But I say to you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be liable to the judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be liable to the council. And whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

23 Therefore, if thou offer thy gift at the altar, and there shalt remember that thy brother hath any thing against thee;

24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go first to be reconciled to thy brother: and then come and offer thy gift.

25 *Agree with thy adversary quickly, whilst thou art in the way with him: lest perhaps the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.

26 Amen, I say to thee, thou shalt not go out from thence, till thou pay the last farthing.

27 You have heard that it was said to them of old: *Thou shalt not commit adultery.

28 But I say unto you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath already committed adultery with her in his heart.

29 *And if thy right eye cause thee to offend, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is better for thee that one of thy members should perish, than that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

30 And if thy right hand cause thee to offend, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is better for thee that one of thy members should perish, than that thy whole body should go into hell.

31 It hath also been said: *Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce.

32 But I say to you: *that whosoever shall put away his wife, excepting the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is put away, committeth adultery.

33 Again you have heard that it was said to them of old: *Thou shalt not forswear thyself: but thou shalt perform thy oaths to the Lord.

34 But I say to you, not to swear at all, neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God:

35 Nor by the earth, for it is his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king:

36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.

37 *But let your speech be yea, yea: no, no: and that which is over and above these, is of evil.

38 You have heard that it hath been said: *An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.

39 But I say to you, not to resist evil: *but if any one strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

40 *And if any man will go to law with thee, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.

41 And whosoever shall force thee to go one mile, go with him other two.

42 *Give to him that asketh of thee, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not away.

43 You have heard that it hath been said: *Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thy enemy.

44 But I say to you: *Love your enemies: **do good to them that hate you: ***and pray for them that persecute and calumniate you,

45 That you may be the children of your Father, who is in heaven: who maketh his sun to rise upon the good and bad, and raineth upon the just and the unjust.

46 For if you love those that love you, what reward shall you have? do not even the publicans the same?

47 And if you salute your brethren only, what do you more? do not also the heathens the same?

48 Be you therefore perfect, as also your heavenly Father is perfect



1: about the year A.D. 31.

3: Luke vi. 20.

4: Psalm xxxvi. 11.

5: Isaias lxi. 2.

8: Psalm xxiii. 4.

10: 1 Peter ii. 20. and iii. 14. and iv. 14.

13: Mark ix. 49.; Luke xiv. 34.

15: Mark iv. 21.; Luke viii. 16. & xi. 33.

16: 1 Peter ii. 12.

18: Luke xvi. 17.

19: James ii. 10.

20: Luke xi. 39.

21: Exodus xx. 13.

25: Luke xii. 58.

27: Exodus xx. 14.

29: Mark ix. 46.; Matthew xviii. 9.

31: Deuteronomy xxiv. 1.; Matthew xix. 7.

32: Mark x. 11.; Luke xvi. 18.; 1 Corinthians vii. 10.

33: Exodus xx. 7.; Leviticus xix. 12.; Deuteronomy v. 11.; James v. 12.

37: James v. 12.

38: Exodus xxi. 24.; Leviticus xxiv. 20.; Deuteronomy xix. 21.

39: Luke vi. 29.

40: 1 Corinthians vi. 7.

42: Deuteronomy xv. 8.

43: Leviticus xix. 18.

44: Luke vi. 27. --- ** Romans xii. 20. --- *** Luke xxiii. 34.; Acts vii. 59.