Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, 1859 edition.

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BIBLE: LUKE - Chapter 20


The parable of the husbandmen. Of paying tribute to Csar; and of the resurrection of the dead.

1 And *it came to pass, in one of the days as he was teaching the people in the temple, and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the Scribes, with the ancients, met together,

2 And spoke to him, saying: Tell us, by what authority dost thou these things? or, who is he that hath given thee this authority?

3 And Jesus answering, said to them: I will also ask you one word. Answer me:

4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men?

5 But they thought within themselves, saying: If we shall say, From heaven: he will say: Why then did you not believe him?

6 But if we say, Of men: the whole people will stone us: for they are persuaded that John was a prophet.

7 And they answered, that they knew not whence it was.

8 And Jesus said to them: Neither do I tell thee by what authority I do these things.

9 And he began to speak to the people this parable: *A man planted a vineyard, and let it out to husbandmen: and he was abroad for a long time.

10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard. But they beating him, sent him away empty.

11 And again he sent another servant. But they beat him also, and treating him reproachfully, sent him away empty.

12 And again he sent the third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.

13 Then the lord of the vineyard said: What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be, when they see him, they will reverence him.

14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they thought within themselves, saying: This is the heir; let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.

15 And casting him out of the vineyard, they killed him. What, therefore, will the lord of the vineyard do to them?

16 He will come, and will destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. And when they heard this, they said to him: God forbid.

17 But he looking on them, said: What is this then that is written, *The stone, which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?

18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone, shall be bruised: and upon whomsoever it shall fall, it will crush him to pieces.

19 And the chief priests, and the Scribes, sought to lay hands upon him the same hour: but they feared the people: for they knew that he spoke this parable against them.

20 *And being upon the watch, they sent spies, who should feign themselves just, that they might take hold of him in his words, that they might deliver him up to the authority and power of the governor.

21 And they asked him, saying: Master, we know that thou speakest and teachest rightly: and hast no respect of person, but teachest the way of God in truth:

22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Csar, or not?

23 But he, considering their deceit, said to them: Why tempt you me?

24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and inscription hath it? They answering, said to him: Csar's.

25 And he said to them: *Render, therefore, to Csar the things that are Csar's: and to God the things that are God's.

26 And they could not reprehend his word before the people: and wondering at his answer, they held their peace.

27 *And there came to him some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is any resurrection, and they asked him,

28 Saying: Master, Moses wrote unto us: *If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he leave no children, that his brother should take her to wife, and raise up seed to his brother.

29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children.

30 And the next took her to wife, and he also died childless.

31 And the third took her. And in like manner all the seven, and they left no seed, and died.

32 Last of all the woman died also.

33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of them shall she be? since the seven had her to wife.

34 And Jesus said to them: The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:

35 But they that shall be accounted worthy of that world, and of the resurrection from the dead, shall neither be married, nor take wives.

36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal to the Angels, and are the children of God, being the children of resurrection.

37 Now that the dead rise again, Moses also shewed at the bush, *when he calleth the Lord, The God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob:

38 For he is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all live to him.

39 And some of the Scribes answering, said to him: Master, thou hast said well.

40 And after that they durst not ask him any more questions.

41 But he said to them: How say they that Christ is the son of David?

42 And David himself saith in the book of psalms: *The Lord said to my Lord, sit thou on my right hand,

43 Till I make thy enemies thy footstool.

44 David then calleth him Lord: and how is he his son?

45 And in the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples:

46 *Beware of the Scribes, who desire to walk in long robes, and love salutations in the market-place, and the first chairs in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts:

47 Who devour the houses of widows, feigning long prayer. These shall receive greater damnation.



1: Matthew xxi. 23.; Mark xi. 27.

9: Isaias v. 1.; Jeremias ii. 21.; Matthew xxi. 33.; Mark xii. 1.

17: Psalm cxvii. 22.; Isaias xxviii. 16.; Matthew xxi. 42.; Acts iv. 11.; Romans ix. 33.; 1 Peter ii. 7.

20: Matthew xxii. 15.; Mark xii. 13.

25: Romans xiii. 7.

27: Matthew xxii. 23.; Mark xii. 18.

28: Deuteronomy xxv. 5.

37: Exodus iii. 6.

42: Psalm cix. 1.; Matthew xxii. 44.; Mark xii. 36.

46: Matthew xxiii. 6.; Mark xii. 38.; Luke xi. 43.