Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, 1859 edition.

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BIBLE: ROMANS - Chapter 4

CHAPTER IV.

Abraham was not justified by works done, as of himself: but by grace, and by faith; and that before he was circumcised. Gentiles by faith are his children.

1 What shall we say, then, that Abraham hath found, who is our father according to the flesh.

2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath glory, but not with God.

3 For what saith the Scripture? *Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice.

4 Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned according to grace, but according to debt.

5 But to him that worketh not, yet believeth in him that justifieth the impious, his faith is reputed to justice, according to the purpose of the grace of God.

6 As David also termeth the blessedness of a man, to whom God reputeth justice without works:

7 Blessed are they, whose *iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

8 Blessed is the man, to whom the Lord hath not imputed sin.

9 This blessedness, then, doth it abide in the circumcision only, or in the uncircumcision also? For we say that faith was reputed to Abraham unto justice.

10 How then was it reputed? In circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

11 *And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the justice of the faith, which is in uncircumcision: that he might be the father of all the believers uncircumcised, that to them also it may be reputed to justice:

12 And might be the father of circumcision, not to them only that are of the circumcision, but to them also who follow the steps of the faith, that our father Abraham had, and being as yet uncircumcised.

13 *For not through the law was the promise to Abraham or to his seed, that he should be heir of the world, but through the justice of faith.

14 For if they who are of the law, be heirs: faith is made void, the promise is made of no effect.

15 For the law worketh wrath. For where there is no law, there is no transgression.

16 Therefore it is of faith, that according to grace the promise might be firm to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,

17 (As it is written, *I have made thee a father of many nations) before God, whom he believed, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things that are not, as those that are.

18 Who, against hope, believed in hope, that he might be made the father of many nations, according to that which was said to him: *So shall thy seed be.

19 And he was not weak in faith: neither did he consider his own body now dead, whereas he was almost a hundred years old, nor the dead womb of Sara.

20 In the promise also of God he staggered not by distrust: but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God:

21 Most fully knowing that whatsoever he has promised, he is able also to perform.

22 And therefore it was reputed to him unto justice.

23 Now it is not written only for him, that it was reputed to him unto justice:

24 But for us also, to whom it shall be reputed, if we believe in him, *that raised up Jesus Christ, our Lord, from the dead,

25 *Who was delivered up for our sins, and rose again for our justification.

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*

3: Genesis xv. 6.; Galatians iii. 6.; James ii. 23.

7: Psalm xxxi. 1.

11: Genesis xvii. 10. and 11.

13: Galatians iii. 18.; Hebrews xi. 9.

17: Genesis xvii. 4.

18: Genesis xv. 5.

24: 1 Peter ii. 21.

25: Isaias liii. 6.; 1 Peter i. 3.