1 CORINTHIANS - Introduction.
EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE CORINTHIANS.
Corinth was the capital of Achaia, a very rich and populous city, where
St. Paul had preached a year and a half, and converted a great many. See Acts xviii. 10. Now having received a letter from
them, (chap. vii. 1.) and being informed of divers disputes and divisions among them, (chap. i. ver. 11.) he wrote this letter
to them, and sent it by the same persons, Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus, who had brought him their letter, chap. xvi.
17. It was written about the year 56, not from Philippi, as it is commonly marked at the end of the Greek copies, but rather
from Ephesus. The subject and main design of this Epistle was to take away the divisions among them about the talents and
merits of those who had baptized and preached to them, and to settle divers matters of ecclesiastical discipline. The apostle
justifieth his mission, and his manner of preaching, chap. i, ii, iii, and iv. He teacheth them what was to be done with the
man guilty of a scandalous sin of incest, chap. v. He speaks of sins against chastity; of matrimony; and of the state of continency,
chap. vi and vii. Of meats offered to idols, chap. viii. Of his manner of conversing with them, and what their conversation
ought to be, chap. ix. and x. Of the holy sacrament of the Eucharist, chap. xi. Of the different gifts of the Holy Ghost,
and how to employ them, chap. xii, xiii, and xiv. Of the faith of the resurrection, chap. xv. Of charitable contributions,
and of his design of coming again to them, chap. xvi. (Witham) --- St. Paul having planted the faith in Corinth, where he
had preached a year and a half, and converted a great many, went to Ephesus. After being there three years, he wrote this
first Epistle to the Corinthians, and sent it by the same persons, Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus, who had brought their
letter to him. It was written about twenty-four years after our Lord's ascension, and contains several matters appertaining
to faith and morals, and also to ecclesiastical discipline. (Challoner)