Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, 1859 edition.

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The vision of the throne of God, the twenty-four ancients, and the four living creatures.

1 After these things I saw: and behold a door opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard, was as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must come to pass hereafter.

2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and one sitting upon the throne.

3 And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine-stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.

5 And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders: and seven lamps were burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.

6 And before the throne was as it were a sea of glass like crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne were four animals full of eyes before and behind.

7 And the first animal was like a lion, and the second animal like a calf, and the third animal having the face as of a man: and the fourth animal was like an eagle.

8 And the four animal had each of them six wings: and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying, *Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.

9 And when these animals gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

10 The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:

11 Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory and honour and power: because thou hast created all things, and for thy will they were, and have been created.



8: Isaias vi. 3.