Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 1. Perish,
because she hath stirred up her God to bitterness. It is not a curse or imprecation, but a prophecy of what should come
to pass (Challoner) to Israel, in Assyria. Many such expressions occur, Psalm lxviii. 25., &c. (St. Jerome) --- Sometimes
they are the effects of zeal, conformable to divine justice, Psalm cxl. 6. (Worthington) --- Hebrew, "Samaria has sinned,
or shall perish." (Calmet) --- Bitterness. Septuagint, "she hath resisted her God." (Haydock)
Ver. 3. Words.
In captivity, legal victims cannot be offered. (Calmet) --- But a contrite heart is always acceptable, Psalm l. --- Good.
While engaged in sin, (Haydock) "we can offer thee nothing good." --- Calves: victims of praise. (St. Jerome) --- Hebrew
parim. Septuagint omit m, (Haydock) and render fruit. They are followed by the Arabic and Syriac as well
as by the apostle, Hebrews xiii. 15. (Calmet) --- We will offer what victims we please. (Estius) (Psalms lxix. 23., and lxv.
Ver. 4. Gods.
The Assyrians, instead of protecting, oppress us; while Egypt, famous for horses, sits unconcerned. (Calmet) --- But
the source of all our evils are the idols, which we will follow no more. --- In thee: adheres to the true faith in
practice. (Haydock) --- Israel was like an orphan during the captivity, Lamentations i. 1. (Calmet)
Ver. 5. Breaches,
when Israel shall be converted, as some were to Christ, and many will be at the end of the world. (Worthington) --- Hebrew,
"their return." Septuagint, "dwellings." They shall be purified. --- Freely. I have been forced to chastise, My heart
dilates. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "I will love them manifestly." Syriac, "accept their free offerings." (Haydock)
Ver. 6. Dew.
Israel has been like a plant dried up, chap. xiii. 15. --- Libanus. The cedars were tall and bulky, being well rooted.
Ver. 7. Glory.
Septuagint, "he shall be as fruitful as the olive-tree." --- Libanus, or incense. (Calmet) --- The term has both meanings.
Ver. 8. His.
This may refer to the tree, or to God. The captives shall return, and be happy. But in a more sublime sense it refers to the
nations which shall embrace the gospel. --- Libanus, or fragrant. Such wine was esteemed in which certain odoriferous
herbs were infused, Canticle of Canticles vii. 2. (Calmet) --- Libanus was also famous for generous wines. (Siconita 11.)
Ver. 9. Idols?
or God will no more reproach them, as their conversion is sincere. --- Make. Hebrew, "be to him like," &c. (Calmet)
Ver. 10. Wise.
This denotes the obscurity of the prophecy. (Theodoret) --- No human wit can explain the prophets: yet the just shall understand
as much as shall be necessary. (St. Jerome; St. Augustine, City of God xviii. 28.) (Worthington) --- Only few will make good
use of these admonitions, and share in the promises. (Calmet)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
Samaria shall be destroyed. An exhortation to repentance:
God's favour, through Christ, to the penitent.
1 Let Samaria perish, because she hath stirred up her God to bitterness:
let them perish by the sword, let their little ones be dashed, and let the women with child be ript up.
2 Return, O Israel, to the Lord, thy God: for thou hast fallen down by
3 Take with you words, and return to the Lord, and say to him: Take away
all iniquity, and receive the good: and we will render the calves of our lips.
4 Assyria shall not save us, we will not ride upon horses, neither will
we say any more: The works of our hands are our gods: for thou wilt have mercy on the fatherless that is in thee.
5 I will heal their breaches, I will love them freely: for my wrath is
turned away from them.
6 I will be as the dew, Israel shall spring as the lily, and his root
shall shoot forth as that of Libanus.
7 His branches shall spread, and his glory shall be as the olive-tree:
and his smell as that of Libanus.
8 They shall be converted, that sit under his shadow: they shall live
upon wheat, and they shall blossom as a vine: his memorial shall be as the wine of Libanus.
9 Ephraim shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I
will hear him, and I will make him flourish like a green fir-tree: from me is thy fruit found.
10 Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he
shall know these things? for the ways of the Lord are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressor shall fall