Psalm liii. (Deus in nomine tuo.)
Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 2. Ziph
lay to the south of Juda. (Haydock) --- David was rescued from the most imminent danger, by an irruption of the Philistines.
He then composed this canticle, expressing his sentiments in danger, and his gratitude to God. (Calmet) --- It may also be
used by any person in distress. (Worthington) --- The Church orders it to be said by her ministers at Prime, that they may
be protected from all their spiritual enemies. (Berthier) --- The Fathers apply it to Jesus Christ, (St. Hilary) or to his
persecuted members. (St. Augustine)
Ver. 3. Name,
which is a strong tower, (Proverbs xviii. 10.; Calmet) event thyself. Hence it is so criminal to take it in vain. (Berthier)
--- Judge. Ancient psalters have, "deliver." Saul and the Zipheans persecute me unjustly. I commit my cause to thee.
(Haydock) --- Defend me for the justice of my cause. (Worthington)
Ver. 5. Strangers.
Barbarous, (Worthington) enemies, though of the same tribe. (Calmet) --- Hostis dicebatur quem nunc peregrinum dicimus.
(Cicero, Off. i.) --- The devil and our passions, as well as the world, are such to us. (Berthier)
Ver. 6. Behold.
He admires how God delivered him, though Saul seemed to have only one step more to take. Jesus Christ was secure amid the
persecutions of the Jews, till he was pleased to deliver himself up, John x. 18. (Calmet)
Ver. 7. Truth.
To fulfil thy promises. (Haydock) --- He foretells their destruction.
Ver. 8. Freely,
without being commanded. (Worthington) (Menochius) (Leviticus iii. 1.) --- Jesus Christ was offered, because he would, Isaias
liii. 7., and John x. 17. (St. Jerome) --- Good, so to do, (Du Hamel) or sweet in itself, Psalm li. 11. (Calmet)
Ver. 9. Enemies,
from the hill which divided the armies. I saw them retire, (Haydock) and in security beheld their chastisement. (Menochius)