cvi. (Confitemini Domino.)
Ver. 1. Alleluia. St. Augustine repeats
this word. But it occurs in the Hebrew, &c., at the end of the preceding psalm, of which this is a continuation, shewing
how God pardoned his people, and delivered them from captivity, (Calmet) and mankind from sin. (Haydock) (Fathers) (Berthier)
--- Glory. Literally, "confess" your sins, thay you may praise God, (Psalm cv.; Haydock) and adore his mercy and providence.
Ver. 2. Countries. The Jews from Babylon,
and all who were redeemed by Christ. (Calmet) --- He was promised immediately after the fall. [Genesis iii. 15.] (Worthington)
Ver. 3. Sea. Hebrew miyam, for
which we should read imim "the right," denoting the south. (Calmet) --- But the sea, or ocean, is properly used
in the same sense. (Berthier) --- The Ammonites, Philistines, Syrians, and Idumeans, from these four quarters, often reduced
the Israelites to servitude, under the judges. (Houbigant) --- From all parts, the Jews of the ten tribes returned in the
reigns of Darius and Alexander. (Calmet, Diss.) --- But the texts which are applied to this event speak rather of the conversion
of the Gentiles, which the prophet has here in view. (Berthier) --- None are excluded from the benefits of this redemption,
but by their own fault. (Worthington)
Ver. 4. Habitation. So were the Jews
distressed at Babylon, (Calmet) as many are forced to wander in the world, and all are involved in sin. (Worthington)
Ver. 5. Hungry. As both Jews and Gentiles
were for the word of God, (Amos viii. 11.) when Christ appeared. (Haydock) --- Their wants cried aloud, (St. Augustine) though
they sought him not, Isaias lxv. 1. (Berthier) --- Those who call upon God are relieved by him, in the manner which is most
for their welfare. (Worthington)
Ver. 8. Mercies. We are unworthy to
open our mouths. This chorus is repeated, (ver. 15, 21, 31.) by the people, after the Levites had sung the intermediate sentences.
(Calmet) --- The ver. 6, 13, 19., are of the same nature, and refer to different sorts of calamities. (Berthier) --- All the
benefits of God, proceeding from his mercy, and not from man's deserts, praise him. (Worthington)
Ver. 10. Darkness. This second allegory
represents the condition of the captives, and of mankind, before Christ's coming. (Calmet) --- The former enjoyed some liberty,
Jeremias xxix. 5. --- But the latter were most miserable, (Matthew ix. 15., and Luke iv. 18.) and of these the words are most
naturally explained. (Berthier)
Ver. 11. Exasperated. Hebrew, "changed,
or frustrated." This is the source of all misery, (Calmet) as calamities are commonly inflicted on account of sin.
Ver. 12. Labours. There were slaves
of various descriptions: some were confined to hard labour, and chained down at night. (Calmet)
Ver. 14. Bonds. Of their passions.
See St. Augustine, Conf. viii. 11. (Haydock)
Ver. 17. Iniquity. Making them alter
their conduct. Hebrew seems less correct: "they are foolish on account of their way, and they," &c. Illness is sent to
punish sin, Job xxxiii. 19., Matthew ix. 2., and John v. 14. (Calmet)
Ver. 20. Word. Jesus Christ, according
to the prophetical sense, adopted by the Fathers, (St. Athanasius, or. 3., &c.) though it literally implies, that at God's
command the sick were healed, Matthew viii. 7. --- This allegory again represents the state of captivity. (Calmet)
Ver. 22. Praise. Instead of victims,
Psalm xxvi., &c.
Ver. 23. Down to the sea, &c. Captivity
is here compared to a tempest. (Calmet) --- The apostles carry the tidings of salvation to all places. Persecutions are raised;
but God grants peace to his Church under Constantine. (Eusebius)
Ver. 24. Deep. The fury of tempests.
Various nations, and the treasures of the deep. (Menochius)
Ver. 26. Heavens. So Virgil says:
Tollimur in cælum curvato gurgite & iidem
Subducta ad Manes imos descendimus unda. (Æneid iii.)
Ver. 27. Up. They knew not how to proceed.
Ambiguis ars stupet ipsa malis. (Calmet)
Ver. 29. Breeze. Hebrew, "silence,
Ver. 30. For. Even to Jerusalem. (Calmet)
Ver. 31. Men. We must thank God for
having enabled us to repent, ver. 8. (Worthington)
Ver. 33. Wilderness. God caused his
people to pass through the Red Sea, and the Jordan, to possess the fruitful country of Chanaan, part of which had been cursed
for the crimes of the Sodomites. (Haydock) --- He has punished Babylon, (Jeremias xxv. 12.) made a straight road for his people, (Isaias
xxxv. 8.) and enabled them to cultivate their country again, ver. 41. (Calmet) --- The synagogue has been abandoned, and the
Church chosen. (Berthier) --- The power of God is displayed, who caused the land of promise to be more fertile for his people,
which is now very barren. (Worthington)
Ver. 34. Barrenness. Or "saltness."
(Haydock) --- He alludes to the environs of Sodom, Genesis xiii. 10., and xix. 24. (Worthington)
Ver. 37. Of birth. A plentiful crop,
facient fruges germina. (St. Jerome) (Calmet) --- Abundance of fruit shall grow in some places, while others are punished
on account of sin. (Worthington)
Ver. 40. Princes. Jechonias was humbled,
(Haydock) and exalted, with Daniel, &c., 4 Kings xxv. 27. Others explain it of Nabuchodonosor and Baltasar, who were reduced
to the state of ignominy and death. (Calmet) --- The Jews experienced the greatest miseries at the last siege of Jerusalem.
Ver. 41. Sheep. The Gentiles took the
place of the obstinate Jews. (St. Augustine)
Ver. 42. Mouth. The psalmist saw Babylon
before its ruin, (Calmet) at least in spirit. God's judgments strengthen virtue, and repress the wicked. (Haydock) The propagation
of the gospel put to silence the oracles of the pagans. (Berthier)
Ver. 43. Lord. This is the part of
wisdom, and deserves our serious consideration, (Haydock) as Osee (xiv. 10.) and our Saviour admonish, Matthew xi. 15., and
xiii. 9., and Mark iv. 9., &c.