1 Paralipomenon iii.
Notes & Commentary:
Hebron, during the seven years that he reigned there over Juda. (Menochius) --- Jezrahel, a city of Juda, less
noted than the one in Issachar. --- Daniel, or Cheliab, 2 Kings iii. 3.
Aggith. The mother of Adonias is styled Haggith elsewhere in the Vulgate. (Haydock)
His wife also. (Tirinus) --- This title refers to all the preceding. (Sanctius)
Solomon is put last, though the eldest, because of his genealogy is to be continued. Some think that the three others
were the sons of Urias, adopted by David, as Solomon styles himself an only son; (Proverbs iv. 3.) but that only means singularly
beloved, and an heir, (Calmet) as David had certainly another child by Bethsabee, who died in his infancy. (Tirinus) --- Bethsabee.
Syriac and Arabic, "Bersabee." Hebrew, "Bathshuah," all erroneously. --- Ammiel, or Eliam, (2 Kings xi. 3.)
as the same man had two names, (Calmet) or, in this instance, we must allow a transposition. (Haydock)
Elisama, or Elisua, chap. xiv. 5. (Calmet) --- Hebrew substitutes Elishama and Eliphelet, and Nogah, the last name
being "an evident corruption of Nepheg, and the two former being taken in too soon, and still repeated, "in their proper places." The Vatican Septuagint is likewise interpolated, (2 Kings
v. 14., &c.) by the insertion of eleven names from another version, and two names are twice repeated, so that we have
24 sons of David instead of 11. (Kennicott)
Noge; called Noga, (chap. xiv. 6.) and omitted entirely in the book of Kings. Eliphaleth being twice mentioned in this
book, has made some conclude that David's first son of this name died in his youth; (Calmet) which may be said of Elisama
Eliada, or Elioda, (2 Kings v. 16.) styled Baaliada, (chap. xiv. 7.; Calmet) as both have the same meaning, "God's,
or the Lord's knowledge." (Haydock) --- Nine, excluding the children of Bethsabee. In 2 Kings there are only
seven, or, with the sons of Bethsabee, eleven. There must be a mistake in one place, unless the book of Kings only specifies
those who were then alive. (Vatable) (Calmet)
The concubines. The inferior wives. (Challoner) --- Some of the preceding sons were born of such, ver. 6., &c.
--- Thamar. She is the only one whose name is mentioned, but David had other daughters, 2 Kings v. 13.
Johanan, who is not mentioned in 4 Kings xxiii., and xxiv. Some think that he died young, (Tostat) or in battle with
his father, against Pharao. (Pradus.) --- Joakim, or Eliacim, possessed the throne after Joachaz, or Sellum,
(Calmet) which name signifies "confusion," and was given to all the sons of Josias. (St. Jerome) --- Then came Joachin and
Sedecias, whose proper name was Matthanias. (Haydock) --- Joakim is passes over by St. Matthew. (St. Jerome, ibid.)
Jechonias, who is called also Joakim, (Worthington) and Cenias in Hebrew, Jeremias xxii. 28. (Calmet) --- Both the
son and the grandson of Josias go under the name of Jechonias, Matthew i. 11. (Barradius i. 5. 16.) (Menochius) --- Sedecias.
If this be the same with the king, was born must signify succeeded, as we know that Joakim was not the father of Sedecias.
Ver. 17. Asir, means a "prisoner," so that we might translate, Hebrew ,"and the sons of Jechonias, the prisoner, (at
Babylon, 4 Kings xxiv. 15.) were Salathiel." (Calmet) --- Protestants, "Assir, Salathiel his son." (Haydock) --- Some think
that the following were the adopted children, or successors of Jechonias; as St. Luke (iii. 24.) insinuates that Neri was
the father of Salathiel, and Jeremias (xxii. 30.) seems to declare that Jechonias should have no children. But he means such
as should sit on the throne, as he explains himself, and St. Matthew (i. 12.) expressly says, Jechonias begot Salathiel.
Melchiram, &c., born of Salathiel. (Calmet) --- Sama. Septuagint, "Osamo and Nabadias." Protestants, "Hosahama,"
Phadaia, called also Salathiel, (Matthew i. 12.) or these two brothers had each a son named Zorobabel. The grandson
of Salathiel was called Abiud, and that of Phadaia, Mosollam, (Menochius) unless these were the same person. (Sa) --- Phadaia,
son of Salathiel, and father of Zorobabel, left his son to the care of his brother Salathiel, who was therefore accounted
the father of Zorobabel too. (Calmet)
Son. Hebrew, "sons of Hananias, Phaltias, and Jesacias, the sons of Raphias, the sons of Arnan,...(22) the sons
of Sechenias, Semeia, &c." But the Septuagint and Syriac have read in a more intelligible manner, (Calmet) intimating
that these people were lineally descended from each other, (Haydock) while the Hebrew leaves us ignorant of the names of the
sons of Rephaias, &c. (Calmet)
Six. Counting the father in the number. (Challoner) --- Hebrew shisha, or "six." Sixtus V with several manuscripts,
Gothic edition, &c., take it improperly for the name of a man. (Calmet) --- Semeia and his five sons are attributed to
Sechenias. (Worthington) --- Others think that a name has been lost. (Castalion)
Oduia, the 12th from Zorobabel, which shews that this has been inserted since the time of Esdras, and that the author
was very careful to preserve the genealogical tables, as it was not known from what family of the descendants of David the
Messias should be born. (Calmet) --- St. Matthew gives us a different genealogy. (Du Hamel) (Calmet)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
The genealogy of the house of David.
1 Now *these were the sons of David, that were born to him in Hebron:
the first-born, Amnon, of Achinoam, the Jezrahelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail, the Carmelitess;
2 The third, Absalom, the son of Maacha, the daughter of Tolmai, king
of Gessur; the fourth, Adonias, the son of Aggith;
3 The fifth, Sephatias, of Abital; the sixth, Jethrahem, of Egla, his
4 So six sons were born to him in Hebron, where he reigned seven years
and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned three and thirty years.
5 *And these sons were born to him in Jerusalem: Simmaa, and Sobab, and
Nathan, and Solomon, four of Bethsabee, the daughter of Ammiel,
6 Jebaar also, and Elisama,
7 And Eliphaleth, and Noge, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
8 And Elisama, and Eliada, and Elipheleth, nine.
9 All these were sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines:
and they had a sister, Thamar.
10 And Solomon's son was Roboam: whose son, Abia beget Asa. And his son
11 The father of Joram: and Joram begot Ochozias, of whom was born Joas:
12 And his son, Amasias, begot Azarias. And Joathan, the son of Azarias,
13 Beget Achaz, the father of Ezechias, of whom was born Manasses.
14 And Manasses beget Amon, the father of Josias.
15 And the sons of Josias were, the first-born, Johanan, the second,
Joakim, the third, Sedecias, the fourth, Sellum.
16 *Of Joakim was born Jechonias, and Sedecias.
17 The sons of Jechonias were Asir, Salathiel,
18 Melchiram, Phadaia, Senneser, and Jecemia, Sama, and Nadabia.
19 Of Phadaia were born Zorobabel and Semei. Zorobabel beget Mosollam,
Hananias, and Salomith, their sister:
20 Hasaban also, and Ohol, and Barachias, and Hasadias, and Josabhesed,
21 And the son of Hananias, was Phaltias, the father of Jeseias,
whose son was Raphaia. And his son was Arnan, of whom was born Obdia, whose son was Sechenias.
22 The son of Sechenias, was Semeia: whose sons were Hattus, and
Jegaal, and Baria, and Naaria, and Sephat, six in number.
23 The sons of Naaria: Elioenai, and Ezechias, and Ezricam, three.
24 The sons of Elioenai: Oduia, and Eliasub, and Pheleia, and Accub,
and Johanan, and Dalaia, and Anani, seven.
1: 2 Kings iii. 2.
5: 2 Kings v. 14.
16: Matthew i. 11.