1 Paralipomenon v.
Notes & Commentary:
First-born, Genesis xlix. 4. (Worthington) --- He gives this reason for not beginning with him. (Calmet) --- And
he. Protestants, "and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birth-right." (Haydock)
Accounted to Joseph, viz., as to the double portion, which belonged to the first-born: but the princely dignity was
given to Juda, and the priesthood to Levi. (Challoner) --- Yet it is not certain that the latter dignity formed a part of
the birth-right, (Genesis xxv. 31.) and the author takes no notice of it. (Calmet) --- The double portion seems to have been
all the privilege, Deuteronomy xxi. 17. Septuagint, "the blessing or gift was Joseph's." Hebrew also does not specify
princes, but "the leader," (Haydock) the Messias, (Syriac, &c.) and kings, from David till the captivity. (Calmet)
(Genesis xlix. 4.) (Worthington)
Joel. It does not appear whether he was the son of the last, or of Henoch.
Beera, This tribe continued to have princes of their own, after the division of the kingdom. Beera was in power when
Thelgathphalnasar, or Theglathphalasar, took five tribes into captivity, 4 Kings xv. 29. Only twelve generations are mentioned
to fill up about 750 years, from the leaving of Egypt. (Calmet) --- But Enoch must have lived much sooner, as the Israelites
continued in that country at least 215 years. The princes are probably not all specified, as on other occasions. (Haydock)
Families, when they were led captive into Assyria; (Menochius) or before, when the tribe was in a most flourishing
condition. --- Princes. Hebrew and Septuagint, "prince." --- Jehiel. Septuagint, "Joel," ver. 4.
And. So Hebrew, &c., as f he was one of the princes. But the Vulgate seems to begin a new sentence, Porro,
"now Bala." The possessions of this man must have been very extensive, from the Euphrates till (Haydock) Baal-meon, within
nine miles of Hesebon, (Eusebius) almost (Calmet) as far as the Jordan. (Tirinus) --- Bala, or his descendants, extended their
conquests as far as the Euphrates, which had been promised to Israel; and, under Saul, conquered the Agarites, who
sprung from Agar. Syriac, &c., "the Arabs of Sacca," or the Scenites, "dwelling under tents," and inhabiting the
Desert Arabia. The details of this war are probably given, ver. 19., &c. (Calmet)
Cattle, for which reason they desired to have this country, Numbers xxxii. 4. (Menochius)
Selcha, not far from Jabok, Deuteronomy iii. 10. (Calmet)
Chief, (in capite.) Septuagint, "first-born." (Haydock) --- This list was made under Joathan, king of Juda,
when Joel was at the head of the tribe of Gad. (Calmet) --- Basan, the capital city, ver. 16. (Sa) (Menochius)
And, &c. Hebrew also, "Achi, son of Abdiel." --- Chief, like the preceding, each in their respective families.
(Calmet) --- They were relations (Haydock) of the same tribe. (Menochius)
Saron, in Basan; (Josue xii. 18.) different from those vallies near Joppe, (Calmet) and between Thabor and Tiberias.
Israel. Jeroboam II had been dead two years before Joathan was born: unless some of the numbers be incorrect; which
seems very probable, 4 Kings xv. 5. Yet these registers might be made at different times, and one, perhaps, under Jeroboam
I, as when any war seemed to threaten, the number of soldiers was to be known. (Calmet) --- It does not appear why the king
of Juda is mentioned, as the people were not under his dominion, unless (Haydock) he was contemporary with Jeroboam II, as
some assert. (Menochius) --- Yet the following expedition seems to have taken place while Israel was still faithful to God.
(Haydock) By faith they overcame kingdoms, Hebrews xi. (Worthington)
But, &c. Hebrew, "and Jetur, &c., (20) and they were helped by God against them." (Haydock) --- Septuagint,
"they prevailed over them, and the Agarites," &c. The ancient, or higher Iturea, lay between Hermon and Manasses; but
the lower, which Josephus includes under this name, took in the deserted possessions of that half tribe. (Calmet) --- The
former (Haydock) extended from Jordan by Libanus, to the mountains of Tyre. (Menochius) --- And Naphis, sons of Ismael,
Genesis xxv. 13. (Haydock)
Lord. Very dreadful, and in obedience to God's orders. --- Captivity, ver. 6. (Calmet)
Basan, which belonged to Gad. (Haydock) --- In Josue (xvii. 5.) Basan and Galaad seem to be given to Manasses; but
the former there denotes all the level country, from the Jabok to the Jordan, as Galaad is put for the mountains on the East.
(Calmet) --- Great. It would take thirty hours to travel from the torrent Jabok to Baal Hermon. (Adrichomius) (Menochius)
Assur. These princes were scourges in the hand of God, to punish the guilty. (Haydock) --- The former forced Israel
to pay tribute; the latter carried many into captivity, 4 Kings xv. 19, 29., and xvi. 7. (Calmet) --- Lahela, or Hala
and Haber, cities watered by the river Gozan. --- Ara; perhaps Rages, Tobias i. 16, &c. (Du Hamel)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
Genealogies of Ruben and Gad: their victories over the
Agarites: their captivity.
1 Now the sons of Ruben, the first-born of Israel, (for he was his first-born:
but forasmuch as *he defiled his father's bed, his first birth-right was given to the sons of Joseph, the son of Israel, and
he was not accounted for the first-born.
2 But of the race of Juda, who was the strongest among his brethren,
came the princes: but the first birth-right was accounted to Joseph.)
3 The sons then *of Ruben, the first-born of Israel, were Enoch, and
Phallu, Esron, and Charmi.
4 The sons of Joel: Samia his son, Gog his son, Semei his son,
5 Micha his son, Reia his son, Baal his son,
6 Beera his son, whom Thelgathphalnasar, *king of the Assyrians, carried
away captive, and he was prince in the tribe of Ruben.
7 And his brethren, and all his kindred, when they were numbered by their
families, had for princes Jehiel, and Zacharias.
8 And Bala, the son of Azaz, the son of Samma, the son of Joel, dwelt
in Aroer, as far as Nebo, and Beelmeon.
9 And eastward he had his habitation as far as the entrance of the desert,
and the river Euphrates. For they possessed a great number of cattle in the land of Galaad.
10 And in the days of Saul they fought against the Agarites, and slew
them, and dwelt in their tents in their stead, in all the country that looketh to the east of Galaad.
11 And the children of Gad dwelt over-against them in the land of Basan,
as far as Selcha:
12 Johel, the chief, and Saphan, the second: and Janai, and Saphat, in
13 And their brethren, according to the houses of their kindreds, were
Michael, and Mosollam, and Sebe, and Jorai, and Jacan, and Zie, and Heber, seven.
14 These were the sons of Abihail, the son of Huri, the son of Jara,
the son of Galaad, the son of Michael, the son of Jesesi, the son of Jeddo, the son of Buz.
15 And their brethren, the sons of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of
the house, in their families.
16 And they dwelt in Galaad, and in Basan, and in the towns thereof,
and in all the suburbs of Saron, unto the borders.
17 All these were numbered in the days of Joathan, king of Juda, and
in the days of Jeroboam, king of Israel.
18 The sons of Ruben, and of Gad, and of the half tribe of Manasses,
fighting men, bearing shields, and swords, and bending the bow, and trained up to battles, four and forty thousand seven hundred
and threescore, that went out to war.
19 They fought against the Agarites: but the Itureans, and Naphis, and
20 Gave them help. And the Agarites were delivered into their hands,
and all that were with them, because they called upon God in the battle: and he heard them, because they had put their faith
21 And they took all that they possessed, of camels fifty thousand, and
of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men a hundred thousand souls.
22 And many fell down slain: for it was the battle of the Lord. And they
dwelt in their stead till the captivity.
23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasses possessed the land,
from the borders of Basan unto Baal, Hermon, and Sanir, and Mount Hermon; for their number was great.
24 And these were the heads of the house of their kindred, Epher, and
Jesi, and Eliel, and Esriel, and Jeremia, and Odoia, and Jediel; most valiant and powerful men, and famous chiefs in their
25 But they forsook the God of their fathers, and went astray after the
gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.
26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Phul, *king of the
Assyrians, and the spirit of Thelgathphalnasar, king of Assur: and he carried away Ruben, and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasses,
and brought them to Lahela, and to Habor, and to Ara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
1: Genesis xxxv. 22. and xlix. 4.
3: Genesis xlvi. 9.; Exodus vi. 14.; Numbers xxvi. 5.
6: 4 Kings xv. 29.
26: 4 Kings xv. 19. and 29.